Since multiple injections mean repeated episodes of crying and discomfort, moms today can opt for combination vaccination and reduce the ‘pain’ involved. What’s more, combination vaccination is available in several options, covering 3 to 6 of below mentioned diseases with just 1 injection.
3-6 Serious Diseases That Combination Vaccination
Can Provide Protection Against
Understand the meaning and nature of six vaccine-preventable diseases that affect newborns. Also, read how these diseases spread and why vaccination is important for each.
Can lead to paralysis and disability
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Respiratory disease which can be fatal in infants
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Can cause muscle spasms leading to death
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• Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus, which primarily infects the nervous system. It can cause paralysis, difficulty breathing, and sometimes even death.
• Polio mainly affects children under 5 years of age and is highly contagious.
• It spreads from person-to-person mainly through a feco-oral route or by a common vehicle (for example, contaminated water or food). Also, if your child puts objects like toys that have been contaminated into their mouth, they can get infected.
• Vaccination can help protect your child from developing lifelong paralysis from polio.
• Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by a virus that spreads through blood and body fluids. Chronic hepatitis B can cause liver damage, cirrhosis, liver cancer and even death.
• An infected mother can pass on the infection to her baby during birth. The hepatitis B virus is spread when blood, semen, or other body fluid infected with the hepatitis B virus enters the body of a person who is not infected.
• Vaccination against Hepatitis B can help protect your child from lifelong, serious liver damage.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
• Haemophilus influenzae disease is caused by a bacteria called H. influenzae.
• In spite of the name, H. influenzae does not cause influenza (the flu). Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) is a bacteria that can cause many different kinds of infections ranging from mild ear infections to severe pneumonia, meningitis, and other invasive diseases almost exclusively in children aged less than 5 years.
• People can spread H. influenzae, including Hib, by coughing or sneezing while in close contact with others.
• Vaccination can help protect your child from Hib disease, which can cause lifelong disability and be deadly.
• Pertussis (also known as whooping cough) is a highly contagious respiratory infection that can be very serious, especially for newborns and young infants.
• Pertussis is spread through the air by infectious droplets, so it is easily transmitted by other people coughing or sneezing or being close to a person with the disease.
• Pertussis can be prevented by vaccinating the infant.
• Vaccination can protect your baby from severe coughing fits caused by whooping cough, a potentially serious disease.
• Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that usually affects the mucous membranes of the nose and throat that can block airways.
• Diphtheria spreads through respiratory droplets from an infected person’s coughing or sneezing. It can also spread through contaminated personal or household items.
• The vaccination is usually combined with vaccines for tetanus and whooping cough (pertussis).
• The vaccination, in combination with other antigens is one of the childhood immunizations that doctors recommend during infancy.
• Tetanus is an acute, often fatal disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, leading to muscle stiffness and rigidity. The muscle stiffness usually involves the jaw (lockjaw) and neck and then may spread to the entire body.
• The bacteria spores are usually found in soil, dust, and manure and enter the body through breaks in the skin - usually cuts or puncture wounds caused by contaminated objects.
• Vaccination can provide protection against tetanus.
With Combination Vaccination, Sirf Well-wishes ki Line Lagegi
Read Expert-Written Articles
What is combination vaccination?
Combination vaccination means combining multiple vaccines into a single shot. Children get fewer injection pricks but protection achieved is similar as they would have with separate vaccines.
What are the benefits of combination vaccination?
With fewer injection shots of combination vaccination children will get recommended vaccinations on time with fewer delays in disease protection.
Benefits for children
• On-time protection
• Less injection pricks
• Less pain of multiple injections and discomfort
Benefits for parents
• Less inconvenience
• Fewer visits to Pediatrician
• Less time off from work or family activity
When should my child receive combination vaccination?
For the right schedule of combination vaccination please consult your Paediatrician.
What are the different kinds of combination vaccination available for the above mentioned 6 diseases?
Combination vaccination is available in several options which cover 3 to 6 of these diseases with just 1 injection.
Are there any additional side effects with combination vaccination vs separate vaccines?
Side effects from combination vaccination are generally similar to those of the individual vaccines given separately and usually mild. There may be slightly more pain or swelling where the shot was given with combination vaccination. But if your child got the injections individually, they might have pain or swelling in two or three spots, instead of just one. If your child has moderate or serious side effects from any vaccination, consult your Paediatrician for more information.
Frequently Asked Questions
A public awareness initiative by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India, NP-IN-INH-OGM-200059, DOP July 2020. Information appearing in this material is for general awareness only and does not constitute any medical advice. Please consult your physician for any question or concern you may have regarding your condition. The doctor shown in this material/ multimedia content is being used for illustrative purpose only and is a professional model. Please consult your Paediatrician for the complete list of Vaccine preventable diseases and the complete vaccination schedule for each disease.Please report adverse event with any GSK product to the company at firstname.lastname@example.org.
A public awareness initiative by
References: 1. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/conversations/downloads/fs-combo-vac.pdf | 2. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/why-vaccinate/combination-vaccines.html | 3. IAP vaccination guideline 2018 | 4. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diphtheria/symptoms-causes/syc-20351897 | 5. https://www.cdc.gov/diphtheria/about/causes-transmission.html | 6. IAP vaccination schedule,2018 | 7. WHO Position paper, Tetanus vaccines, Weekly epidemiological record, Feb 2017 | 8. Centres for Disease Control (CDC). Diphtheria. Symptoms.[accessed Oct 2019]; Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/diphtheria/about/symptoms.html | 9. Centres for Disease Control (CDC). Pertussis (Whooping Cough). Complications.[accessed Oct 2019]; Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/about/complications.html | 10. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/downloads/tetanus.pdf | 11. https://www.cdc.gov/tetanus/about/index.html | 12. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tetanus | 13. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/poliomyelitis | 14. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polio/symptoms-causes/syc-20376512 | 15. https://www.cdc.gov/polio/what-is-polio/faq/ | 16. https://www.cdc.gov/polio/what-is-polio/ | 17. https://www.cdc.gov/hi-disease/index.html | 18. https://www.who.int/immunization/diseases/hib/en/ | 19. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/diseases/hib-basics-color.pdf | 20. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hepatitis-b/ | 21. https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hbv/bfaq.htm#bFAQa03